A paraesophageal hernia is a specific type of hiatal hernia- a hole between the abdominal cavity and chest cavity that allows a portion of the stomach or other portions of the intestine to move into the chest and become trapped. Paraesophageal and hiatal hernias can cause symptoms of acid reflux, ulcers or even life-threatening conditions. Often, these hernias need to be repaired or closed to prevent or correct these problems.
Hiatal or paraesophageal hernia repairs are traditionally performed with a single, large incision over the abdomen, allowing surgeons to put their hands inside the patient's abdomen and perform the operation. Laprascopic surgery and robotic-assisted laparascopic surgery are now being used to perform these repairs with multiple, small incisions and narrow instruments.
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