Invasive cardiovascular procedures are tests or treatments that require something (catheter, needle, etc.) to be inserted into the body to perform a diagnostic test or to treat a disease or condition found from a diagnostic test.
Because the procedures are invasive, they are performed by highly trained specialists.
Some of the procedures we perform include:
Angiography – This is an X-ray exam of the blood vessels when they are filled with a contrast material. This procedure is performed to help doctors identify diseased, narrowed, enlarged and blocked blood vessels, and to determine where internal bleeding may be occurring.
Coronary Angioplasty – A catheter carrying a balloon is inserted through an artery in the groin or arm into a blocked artery in the heart. The balloon is quickly inflated and deflated to open the artery to improve blood flow. Sometimes a stent – which is a mesh, metal tube – is implanted within the artery to keep it open after an angioplasty procedure.
Cardioversion – This delivers an electric shock to the chest via electrodes or paddles in order to correct a dangerous heart dysrhythmia, which is an abnormality of the heartbeat that may be faster than-normal rate.
Electrophysiology (EP) study with or without ablation – An EP study is a procedure that examines the heart’s electrical activity and pathways. Radiofrequency ablation is a procedure that uses heat to destroy abnormal electrical pathways in the heart.
Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) – This device is implanted in the chest to continuously monitor the heart’s rhythm and provides therapy when life-threatening arrhythmia is detected. It also includes a pacemaker element to restore a normal heart rate.
Intravascular Ultrasound – This imaging procedure passes sound waves from an ultrasound probe mounted on a catheter into the blood vessel to help determine the severity and type of blockage in the blood vessel. This is usually done in conjunction with a cardiac catheterization and angioplasty.
Pacemaker Insertion – This small, battery-operated device helps maintain a normal heartbeat by sending electrical impulses to the heart.
Percutaneous Peripheral Vascular Intervention – Peripheral arterial disease is a disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries that carry blood to your head, organs and limbs. “Percutaneous” means that it is performed less invasively through a skin puncture.
Transesophageal Echocardiography – This imaging procedure passes sound waves from an ultrasound probe in the esophagus to provide clearer images of the heart.
On the day of their procedure, patients are prepped soon after arriving at Vista East. They have an IV started, blood drawn for lab work, and EKG and chest X-rays done if needed. Then they are sent to the Cath Lab for their procedure. Afterward, they remain in recovery for up to an hour. The patient will be taken to a room until the physician discharges them from the hospital, which could be the same day or the following day.
To learn more about Vista’s cardiac services, please call:
Vista Medical Center East
1324 N. Sheridan Road
Waukegan, IL 60085